Speed Surface : 12 kts 14 mph Speed Submerged : 9 kts 10 mph Range: 1, nm 1, miles; 2, km. From the outset the U and its sisters were not wholly valued by Austro-Hungarian naval commanders due to their rather obsolete nature. Nevertheless, the boats were readily available and could be produced in short order - any attack submarine was better than none at this point in the growing war.
The design was a compact one as submarines went, relying on a modestly-sized crew with limited inherent offensive capabilities with acceptable performance figures. Her baptism was swift to get her to the fighting front but her early days were marred by a collision with Admiral Spaun, an Austro-Hungarian light cruiser during a March trial run. This forced her into repairs which lasted some seven months - and thus delayed her commissioning date until later in the year.
Annapolis: Naval Institute Press.
Hore, Peter The Ironclads. London: Southwater Publishing. Sieche, Erwin F. In Gardiner, Robert; Gray, Randal eds. Warship International.
XXVII 2 : — Sokol, Anthony Annapolis: United States Naval Institute. Tucker, Spencer E. The Encyclopedia of World War I. Vego, Milan N. Austro-Hungarian Naval Policy, — London: Frank Cass Publishers. Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Archived from the original on 5 April Retrieved 8 September Austro-Hungarian Armed Forces.
Luftfahrtruppen Aircraft. Francis Joseph I Charles I. Wilhelm von Tegetthoff VAdm.
http://mail.wegoup777.online/el-camino-abierto-por-jess-juan.php Hermann Freiherr von Spaun VAdm. Anton Haus Adm.
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The interior of the western Balkans was geographically rugged, sparsely populated and had minimal economic value. Kagero's Area. Main article: Ranks in the Austro-Hungarian Navy. However, the economy of the Austrian Netherlands was very disconnected from the rest of Austria, and most Habsburg rulers paid little attention to the province. She was commissioned into the Austrian Navy in after being constructed at the newly-built Pola Navy Yard between and
Two of the 16 ton, cm torpedo-armed motor boats, 'Mas. Cutting through the heavy hawsers that protected the anchorage the two craft broke through and launched their torpedoes. They both returned safely to Venice. Kaiser Franz Joseph I soon decommissioned as harbour defence ship.
Most of her guns and guns crews were landed as the 'Elisabeth' Battery for the defence of the German naval base during the Japanese siege. The largely disarmed old cruiser was scuttled five days before the final surrender on the 7th November. Severely damaged, she blew up and sank around ten minutes later, but most of her crew of reportedly got ashore in their boats.
Helgoland took part in the December raid into the Adriatic to interfere with the Allied evacuation of Serbian forces.
All three cruisers took part in the May attack on the British drifters patrolling the Otranto net barrage. Believed based at Cattaro Kotor at the time. On reconnaissance patrol when sunk by a floating mine. Two Italian destroyers were reported carrying troops to Durazzo at the time of the Serbian evacuation in the face of the slowly advancing Austrian army.
An Austrian force of scout 'Helgoland' and five 'Tatra' destroyers were ordered to search for the Italians, and if unsuccessful destroy any shipping in Durazzo. After sinking the French submarine 'Monge' on passage south. On the same mission as 'Lika', 'Triglav' was badly damaged in the same minefield. As the crippled Austrian force returned slowly north at 6 knots, Allied ships got between them and their Cattarro base. She was finished off by five French destroyers of the 'Casque' group, including 'Casque' herself.
Allied destroyers were called up and next morning on the 13th she was sighted on the surface and sunk by 'Bisson's' gunfire; 7 men were lost including Lt Strnad, and 14 survivors picked up.
Attempting to break through the Otranto Barrage at night, 'U. The Austrian boat was scuttled and all 15 crew saved. One source gives the date as the 10th May. Commissioned as German U. Most sources presume she was lost on mines on or around the 11th or 12th trying to penetrate the harbour defences of Venice.
Kemp's 'U-Boats Destroyed' is more specific - 'U. Two days later an explosion was observed in a defensive minefield and divers sent down. The wreck of 'U.